History of 147 Gwydir Street

See History of Gwydir Street and Buildings in Gwydir Street.

Dutt, Upendra K., M.B., surgeon & medical officer, lived in 147 Gwydir St in 1892 (see Kelly directory).

Upendra K. Dutt was the Medical Officer for No.4 District, Cambridge Union. He married Anna Palme from Sweden, a relative of Olof Palme. Rajani Palme Dutt was their son. Rajani Palme Dutt (1896-1974) was a leading figure in the Communist Party of Great Britain. Brought up in Cambridge and educated at The Perse School, Dutt was suspended from Oxford for opposing the First World War. In 1920 he joined the newly formed Communist Party of Great Britain. He was on the Executive Committee from 1923 until 1965 and was General Secretary of the 1939 - 1941. He was the party's chief theoretician for many years. In 1921 he founded the magazine Labour Monthly, which he edited until his death. He also played an important role for the Comintern by supervising the Communist Party of India for some years. Dutt was unswervingly loyal to the Soviet Union and to Joseph Stalin.

Edward Eagle, a carpenter, lived in 147 Gwydir St in 1904 (see Spalding directory).

He was still here in 1913 (see Spaldings directory).

Mrs Ablitt lived in 147 Gwydir St in 1916 (see Kelly directory).

Gilbert Carmichael

The following information comes from The Men of Worth Project C.I.C. which is based in Keighley and the Worth Valley in West Yorkshire.

The husband of Elizabeth Helena Ablitt was Lieutenant Gilbert Carmichael, who was a Master at Keighley Trade and Grammar School and who served up to the rank of Sergeant in the 28th London Regiment (Artists Rifles) and was then commissioned as an officer and served in the Manchester Regiment. He was killed in action on 21st March 1918.

He married Elizabeth Helena Ablitt on 23rd July 1914 at St Barnabas Church in Cambridge and I believe he must have lived at 147, Gwydir Street, Cambridge since they were married in a local church.

Lieutenant Gilbert Carmichael, Manchester Regiment

1884: Birth in Dumfriesshire, Scotland. Son of George and Margaret

1891: Census. Age 7 years. Living at Castle Road, Penpont, Dumfriesshire, Scotland with his parents, two elder sisters and a younger brother. Father's occupation: Garden labourer.

1901: Census. Age 17 years. Living at Burnhead, Penpont, Dumfriesshire, Scotland with his parents, one elder sister and his younger brother. Occupation: Scholar.

Educated at Wallace Hall Academy, in Dumfriesshire and Edinburgh University.
Later he taught at King Edward's School, Stafford.

1914: Married on 23rd July aged 30 years, to Elizabeth Helena Ablitt (age 29 years) at St. Barnabas Church, Cambridge. Recorded as resident at Keighley (Holy Trinity church) at this time.

Engaged by Keighley Trade and Grammar School as a teacher of English and Latin, in June, succeeding his brother Andrew Carmichael.

1915: Around Christmas, joined the 28th Battalion London Regiment (Artists' Rifles) service no's 10130 and 7641313, and later the Officers' Training Corps at Cambridge, and was eventually gazetted to the Manchester Regiment.

1918: Killed in action on 21st March whilst serving with 10th (Territorial) Battalion (attached to 2/6th Bn) Manchester Regiment. Named on the Pozieres Memorial, Panels 64 to 67.

Wife Elizabeth living at 43, Mornington Terrace, Keighley and later at 147, Gwydir Street, Cambridge.
Awarded the British War Medal and Victory Medal for his Great War service.
Remembered on the Pozieres Memorial, Keighley's Great War Roll of Honour in Keighley Library, and the Keighlian Roll of Honour for Keighley Boys Grammar School.
Member of the Keighley branch of the: 'Incorporated Association of Assistant Masters in Secondary School

Keighley News report dated 13th April 1918:

Lieutenant Gilbert Carmichael, Manchester Regiment, was killed in action on March 21. Lieutenant Carmichael, who was a graduate of Edinburgh University, went to the Keighley Trade and Grammar School from King Edward's school, Stafford, as a teacher of English and Latin, two months before the outbreak of war, succeeding his brother. About Christmas 1915, he joined the Artists' Rifles and later the Officers' Training Corps at Cambridge, and was eventually gazetted to the Manchester Regiment. He was a popular master and not only took a keen interest in the work of the school but also in the sports. He leaves a widow and one child, and is the second Trade School master to fall in the war.

Gilbert Carmichael

Obituary from the Keighlian November 1918:

Lieutenant. 2nd 6th Manchester Regiment.
Mr. G. Carmichael was appointed Latin and History Master at the School in May, 1914. He was a graduate of Edinburgh University and had had a distinguished career both at school and at College. He left Wallace Hall Academy, in Dumfriesshire, as Head Boy of the School, being placed First in English, First in German, First in Latin, and First in Mathematics. At Edinburgh University in addition to being- a keen student in Arts he took a lively interest in the Sports Field and received his Athletic Blue and Football Blue. In the Inter-University Sports in 1905 he took First Place in the Broad Jump against all competitors from the four Scottish Universities.
Before his appointment at Keighley he was Assistant Master at March Grammar School for two years, at Ashville College for four years and at Stafford Grammar School for about six months. Mr. Carmichael succeeded his brother, Mr. Andrew Carmichael, M.A., at Keighley, when the latter left the School to take a post at Johannesburg. Mr. Andrew Carmichael was a greatly respected Master who ranks amongst the first who have ever served in the School in the affection of his colleagues and the boys. One can give no higher tribute to Mr. Gilbert Carmichael's memory than to say that in every way he took his brother's place in the boys' regard. He took a deep interest in every side of the School's welfare and when he left to take his place in the Army in December, 1916, a vacant place was made in the Staff that has never been filled since his departure.
Mr. Carmichael entered the Army on January 1st, 1917, and was trained at Brockton and Cambridge with the Artists' Rifles. He left for France in October, 1917, as Lieutenant in the Infantry. He spent the winter in the trenches and was in the front line about twelve miles south of St. Quentin when the Germans opened their offensive on March 21st. Mr. Carmichael was killed by a shell just as the Germansmade their attack. He was greatly respected by his men, and in a letter sent by Lieutenant Colonel Melville, his Officer Commanding, to Mrs. Carmichael, he is spoken of as one of the best and most reliable of his Officers.
The letter sent by his Captain is worthy of a place in our Magazine:-

April 8th, 1918. Dear Mrs. Carmichael,
The depth of our own sorrow in the loss of our dearest comrade enables us to realize what an irreparable loss you have suffered; and for you and the little daughter - of whom we heard so much - it is left to me to express our deepest sympathies.
Such was fate that I was on leave and your husband was in command of the Company. With him were as gallant and brave a set of lads as ever one could wish for.
When the onslaught came two courses were open. They could withdraw or they could stand their ground and fight to the last. For such men only one course was considered; and so it comes about today that not one of those officers and men is with us.
Mr. Carmichael was killed by a shell and the message containing the news was the last to reach the Battalion Head­quarters. Since then we have heard no further news of any of them. And so, unfortunately, his kit and private possessions will not be able to be recovered. Let us hope the enemy may forward on to you anything they get.
Again let me offer our very sincerest sympathies in the loss of such a gallant husband, who was ever in the six months he was with us one of the very best.
Believe me, Yours very sincerely, Cyril Hargreaves, Captain.
Every one who knew Mr. Carmichael had the highest regard for him, and we his colleagues, and the boys all offer to Mrs. Carmichael and her little daughter our respectful sympathy in the great loss which they have sustained.

Grave of John and Selina Ablitt

Grave of John and Selina Ablitt In Mill Road cemetery. They were the parents of Elizabeth Helena Ablitt

Account of associated graves on the Mill Road cemetery website<

From Capturing Cambridge:


Upendra K Dutt, head, 33, medical practitioner, b India
Anna A, wife, 32, b Sweden
Emma Collins, servant, 16, b Cambridge

In 1901 the Dutt family was living at 25 Mill Road

(See above.)
Edward Eagle, 60, carpenter, b Cambridge
Walter Mitchell, boarder, 22, laboratory assistant, b London

Eliza Eagle, 65, b Cambridge
William, 24, bricklayer, b Cambridge
Leopold, 17, laboratory assistant, b Cambridge
Edward Mansfield, 70, carpenter, b Cambridge

Edward Eagle, carpenter

This is given as the address of Lieutenant Gilbert Carmichael and his wife Elizabeth Helena Ablitt who were married 23.7.1914 at St Barnabas. He was killed in action 21.3.1918 serving with the Manchester Regiment. (See above.)

CIP 15.10.1915
: Roll of Honour Second Army Enlistments: Walter John Ablitt, 147 Gwydir Street

George William Hatton

George W Hatton

Mrs L Hatton

Main index - Buildings and houses in Gwydir Street.