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Grounds from an old lace book

'A Lace Guide for Makers and Collectors' by Gertrude Whiting dates from 1920. It's a fascinating book, available online here. Chapter 4 contains a lot of bobbin lace grounds with their names in various lace traditions. Since this is a useful resource, and rather hard to look up in an online book, I have copied the pages here, with an interactive index. Click on a page number to go to the relevant page. (If there seem to be missing pages, sometimes I have combined two pages onto one webpage).

The organisation of the grounds is a little strange. The author seems to have arranged them in a 2-D table by line and column, so similar grounds are often the same column (and so pages away from each other!) A picture index arranged like this is at end of this page, or click here. Alphabetical index to all grounds in this book is in the middle of this page, or click here.

Sometimes I add my own comments to a page. Some of the names seem a little odd to me - for example her "Rose ground" (page 118) is what I would call Honeycomb. My Rose ground is her "Virgin ground" (page 95). Different lace traditions have different names, which is why her photos and my diagrams are so important.

This book uses the Twist Cross system rather than Cross Twist for describing stitches. Click here to see what this means.

69Introduction to Chapter 4

Line A

Page
Col 170Net stitch, Lattice ground, Demi-point, Toile Ouverte, Point Reseau
Col 271Virgin ground, Pin check, Ormanental ground, Binche, Cinq trous, Point Carre
Col 373Malines, Mechlin, Ijsgrond, Fond de Glace, Eisgrond
Col 474Trude "A" Ground (original) (American)
Col 575Star mesh, Double ground, Point de Paris, Point de Six, Point Double, Trenne, Chantilly, Fond Chant, Engelsche Grond, Dentellede Grammont
Col 676Point du Mariage fait a Torchon au Demi-Point
Col 777Square-meshed Valenciennes of Honfleur (braided 1 or 1 times)
Col 879Devonshire Pin Filling
Col 980Devonshire Four Pearl Filling
Col 1082Devonshire Diamond Filling
Col 1183Trude "D" Ground (original) (American)
Col 1284Trude "G" Ground (original) (American)
Col 1385Trude "I" Ground (original) (American)
Col 1487Trentino
Col 1589Triangular, Fan-shaped Point d'Esprits or Cut Works
Col 1690Abruzzian Mezza Cambruccia
Col 1791Trude "N" Ground (original) (American)
Col 1893Fond de Neige, Punto di Neve

Line B

Page
Col 194Tulle du Puy
Col 295Virgin ground, Ornamental ground, Fond de la Vierge, Point Carre
Col 396Brussels, Droschel, Vrai Reseau (fait sans epingles), Drochel
Col 497Trude "B" Ground (original) (American)
Col 598Lattice ground, Gekreuzter Gittergrund (3 twists)
Col 699Twice-twisted Virgin Point - mit zweimal gedrehtem Schlusschlag
Col 7100Square-meshed Valenciennes of Ghent or Gand and Menin (braided 2 or 2 times)
Col 8101Devonshire Cushion
Col 9102Devonshire Hexagonal Bar Filling
Col 10103?
Col 11104Trude "E" Ground (original) (American)
Col 12105Dice Holes, Slanting Hole
Col 13106Point de Tresse with plain picots in lower joints
Col 14107A spotted Italian ground
Col 15109Fat Maltese petals, leaves, seeds, grains, wheat ears, paddles
Col 16110Abruzzian or Pescolane Cross Pattern
Col 17111Trude "O" Ground (original) (American)
Col 18112Moulinet

Line C

Page
Col 1114Plain hole net, Torchon, Reseau stitch, Einfacher Locherschlag
Col 2115Scotch Broom stitch, Point Jeunet ou Genet, Ziergrund mit Schragstreifen-Musterung
Col 3117Brussels, Droschel, Vrai Reseau, Point d'Angleterre Net, Drochel
Col 4118Rose ground, Scandanavian ground, Point de Marriage, Gelosia, Tulle Double
Col 5119Old Buckingham, Fond de Milan
Col 6120Slavonian Style Virgin Point, "Point a la Vierge" nach Slavischer Art
Col 7121Square-meshed Valenciennes of Courtai and Menin (braided 3 or 3 times)
Col 8122Devonshire Brick, Mignonnette
Col 9123Devonshire double ground pin
Col 10124Devonshire Winkie Pin Bars and Cutworks
Col 11125Point de Paris, Fond Clair, Fond Chant (Palliser)
Col 12126Trude "H" Ground (original) (American)
Col 13128Point de Tresse with Plain Picots in Side Joints
Col 14129An Italian Spider with Eye
Col 15130Thin Cluny petals, leaves, seeds, grains, wheat ears, paddles
Col 16131Abruzzian Lescatelle
Col 17132Trude "P" Ground (original) (American)
Col 18133Genoese Grilled Six-leaved Marguerite

Line D

Page
Col 1134Twisted Hole ground, Tulle Double, Maglia di Spagna
Col 2135Flemish, Trolle Kant, Fond Armure, Spinnekop
Col 3136Droschel de Brussels, Drochel
Col 4137A Flemish Filling, a Lille Mode
Col 5138Plain Lattice ground, Filet, Einfacher Gittergrund
Col 6139Ornamental ground with striped effect in diagonal squares, Ziergrund mit Streifen-Musterung in Karo-Einteilung
Col 7140Square-meshed Valenciennes of Bruges, Ypres and Alost (braided 4 or 4 times)
Col 8141Devonshire Taunton
Col 9142Trude "C" Ground (original) (American)
Col 10143"Bohemian Edged" Devonshire Bars and Cutworks
Col 11144Tulle Double or Redina Point de paris Variation
Col 12145Torchon, Russian or German
Col 13147Point de Tresse with plain, side picots
Col 14148An Italian Filet with Toile Dots
Col 15149Double Picots
Col 16150Abruzzian Piscitelli
Col 17151Trude "Q" Ground (original) (American)
Col 18153Trude "S" Ground (original) (American)

Line E

Page
Col 1155Tulle de Dieppe
Col 2156Petits Pois de Dieppe
Col 3157Tulle (Bruges?) (2 twists)
Col 4158Plain Torchon spiders
Col 5159Buratto, Filet
Col 6160Ornamental ground with zigzag diagonal stripes, Ziergrund mit Streifen-Musterung in Zacken-Einteilung
Col 7161Square-meshed Valenciennes of Alost and Ypres (braided 5 or 5 times)
Col 8162Devonshire Second Swing Filling
Col 9163Devonshire Honeycomb Filling
Col 10164Binche Mode
Col 11166Point de Paris Variation with Tressed Sides
Col 12167Torchon
Col 13169Point de Tresse with Knotted Picots
Col 14171Italian Spiders with 4 Twisted, Horizontal Bars
Col 15173Marguerites a Six Petales (one sided joint)
Col 16174Trude "K" Ground (original) (American)
Col 17175?
Col 18176Marguerites a Centre de Toile

Line F

Page
Col 1177Redina, Maglia di Spagna
Col 2178Les Mille Pattes
Col 3179Tulle Ground, Lille, Filoche, Fond Clair, Fond Simple, Point de Brabant, Trolly Net, Tondern, Arras, Marche, Point de Hollande, Dutsche Slag
Col 4180Potten Kant, Flemish, Antwerp
Col 5181Un Fond Hollandais, Filet
Col 6182Lecherschlag
Col 7183Valenciennes Mixte
Col 8184Devonshire Swing Filling, Spot Stitch, and No Pin
Col 9185A Lille Jour
Col 10187Devonshire Toad-in-the-hole
Col 11189Trude "F" Ground (original) (American)
Col 12190A Fancy Zeccatello
Col 13192Valenciennes Picots
Col 14193Italian Open-eyed, Cable-Like Spiders
Col 15194Demi-Marguerites
Col 16195Trude "L" Ground (original) (American)
Col 17196Dieppe Three-Thread Valenciennes
Col 18197Tulle Double done on the Square

Line G

Page
Col 1198Tulle de Vienne, Genre Valenciennes
Col 2199Round Spiders in Twice-twisted Hole Ground, les Arraignees Rondes
Col 3200Tulle (5 twists)
Col 4201Round, Open-eyed, Brabant, Binche Spiders, Oeil de Perdix, Reseau Rosace, Point de Flandre
Col 5203Bohemian ground
Col 6204Reseau Simple, Analogue a Celui de Lille, d'Arras, de Marche, de Tondern, de Buckingham
Col 7205Round-meshed Valenciennes (single twisted joint, centuple braid) (Brusges has triple braid)
Col 8206Devonshire Cutwork Net
Col 9207Devonshire Wire ground
Col 10208Devonshire Wall Filling
Col 11209Round-meshed Valenciennes of Harlebreke, Bruges, Courtrai, Bailleul (braided 4 times) (often twice, Dentelle episcopale)
Col 12210Zeccatello
Col 13211Irish ground
Col 14212Italian Spiders with 2 Horizontal Bars
Col 15213Marguerites Centres a Huit
Col 16214Fish with 2 Horizontal Bars
Col 17215Trude "R" Ground (original) (American)
Col 18217Trude "T" Ground (original) (American)

Line H

Page
Col 1219Twice-twisted Hole Ground, Dieppe Ground, Hole Stitch with Twice-twisted Thread, Locherschlag mit Zweimal gedrehten Faden
Col 2220Les Arraignees Carees en Tulle Double
Col 3221Fond de Brides
Col 4222Eyeless Spiders, Fond de Neige
Col 5224Genoese, or Reticella Mode
Col 6225Lock Stitch or Du Puy Point de Paris Variation, Torchon Mode
Col 7226Round Valenciennes (double twisted joint, triple braid)
Col 8227Devonshire Point d'Esprit Net
Col 9229Flemish Filling
Col 10230?
Col 11231Five or Six Sided Milanese Mesh
Col 12232"Sunspots"
Col 13234Medici, Florentine, Byzantine Knots
Col 14235Italian 6 legged Spiders with Ribbons
Col 15237Trude "J" Ground (original) (American)
Col 16238Abruzzian "Point and Flat"
Col 17239Tresses with Open Hooked Joints
Col 18241? ?



Picture Index

This table is on its side, because it suits a computer screen better that way. Click on a picture to go to the page.

LineABCDEFGH
Col 1
Col 2
Col 3
Col 4
Col 5
Col 6
Col 7
Col 8
Col 9
Col 10
Col 11
Col 12
Col 13
Col 14
Col 15
Col 16
Col 17
Col 18



Alphabetical Index

Abruzzian Lescatelle
Abruzzian Mezza Cambruccia
Abruzzian or Pescolane Cross Pattern
Abruzzian Piscitelli
Abruzzian "Point and Flat"
Antwerp
Arraignees Carees en Tulle Double
Arraignees Rondes
Arras
Binche
Binche Mode
Binche Spiders
"Bohemian Edged" Devonshire Bars and Cutworks
Bohemian ground
Brabant
Brussels (a)
Brussels (b)
Buratto
Byzantine Knots
Chantilly
Cinq trous
Cluny (thin) petals, leaves, seeds, grains, wheat ears, paddles
Cut Works
Demi-Marguerites
Demi-point
Dentellede Grammont
Devonshire Brick
Devonshire Cushion
Devonshire Cutwork Net
Devonshire Diamond Filling
Devonshire Double Ground Pin
Devonshire Four Pearl Filling
Devonshire Hexagonal Bar Filling
Devonshire Honeycomb Filling
Devonshire Pin Filling
Devonshire Point d'Esprit Net
Devonshire Second Swing Filling
Devonshire Swing Filling
Devonshire Taunton
Devonshire Toad-in-the-hole
Devonshire Wall Filling
Devonshire Winkie Pin Bars and Cutworks
Devonshire Wire ground
Dice Holes
Dieppe Ground
Double ground
Double Picots
Drochel (a)
Drochel (b)
Droschel de Brussels (not the usual!)
Droschel (a)
Droschel (b)
Drochel (c)
Du Puy Point de Paris Variation, Torchon Mode
Dutsche Slag
Eisgrond
Einfacher Gittergrund
Einfacher Locherschlag
Engelsche Grond
Eyeless Spiders
Fancy Zeccatello
Filet (a)
Filet (b)
Filet (c)
Filoche
Fish with 2 Horizontal Bars
Flemish (a)
Flemish (b)
Flemish Filling (a)
Flemish Filling (b)
Florentine
Fond Armure
Fond Chant
Fond Chant (Palliser)
Fond Clair (a)
Fond Clair (b)
Fond de Brides
Fond de Glace
Fond de Milan
Fond de Neige (a)
Fond de Neige (b)
Fond de la Vierge
Fond Hollandais
Fond Simple
Gekreuzter Gittergrund (3 twists)
Gelosia
Genoese
Genoese Grilled Six-leaved Marguerite
Genre Valenciennes
Hole Stitch with Twice-twisted Thread
Ijsgrond
Irish ground
Italian Filet with Toile Dots
Italian Open-eyed, Cable-Like Spiders
Italian Spider with Eye
Italian 6 legged Spiders with Ribbons
Italian Spiders with 2 Horizontal Bars
Italian Spiders with 4 Twisted, Horizontal Bars
Lattice ground
Lattice ground (3 twists)
Lecherschlag
Lille
Lille Jour
Lille Mode
Locherschlag mit Zweimal gedrehten Faden
Lock Stitch
Maglia di Spagna (a)
Maglia di Spagna (b)
Malines
Maltese (fat) petals, leaves, seeds, grains, wheat ears, paddles
Marche
Marguerites a Centre de Toile
Marguerites a Six Petales (one sided joint)
Marguerites Centres a Huit
Mechlin
Medici
Mignonnette
Milanese Mesh (Five or Six Sided )
Mille Pattes
Moulinet
Net stitch
No Pin
Oeil de Perdix
Old Buckingham
Open-eyed
Ormanental ground (a)
Ornamental ground (b)
Ornamental ground with striped effect in diagonal squares
Ornamental ground with zigzag diagonal stripes
Petits Pois de Dieppe
Pin check
Plain hole net
Plain Lattice ground
Plain Torchon spiders
"Point a la Vierge" nach Slavischer Art
Point Carre (a)
Point Carre (b)
Point d'Angleterre Net
Point de Brabant
Point d'Esprits - fan-shaped
Point de Flandre
Point de Hollande
Point de Marriage
Point de Paris (a)
Point de Paris (b)
Point de Paris Variation with Tressed Sides
Point de Six
Point de Tresse with Knotted Picots
Point de Tresse with plain picots in lower joints
Point de Tresse with plain picots in side joints
Point de Tresse with plain, side picots
Point Double
Point du Mariage fait a Torchon au Demi-Point
Point Jeunet ou Genet
Point Reseau
Potten Kant
Punto di Neve
Redina
Redina Point de paris Variation
Reseau stitch
Reseau Rosace
Reseau Simple, Analogue a Celui de Lille, d'Arras, de Marche, de Tondern, de Buckingham
Rose ground
Reticella Mode
Round
Round Spiders in Twice-twisted Hole Ground
Scandanavian ground
Scotch Broom stitch
Slanting Hole
Spinnekop
Spot Stitch
Spotted Italian ground
Star mesh
"Sunspots"
Tolile Ouverte
Tondern
Torchon (a)
Torchon (b)
Torchon, Russian or German
Tresses with Open Hooked Joints
Tulle (5 twists)
Tulle de Dieppe
Tulle de Vienne
Tulle Double done on the Square
Tulle du Puy
Tulle Ground
Trenne
Trentino
Triangular
Trolle Kant
Trolly Net
Trude "A" Ground (original) (American)
Trude "B" Ground (original) (American)
Trude "C" Ground (original) (American)
Trude "D" Ground (original) (American)
Trude "E" Ground (original) (American)
Trude "F" Ground (original) (American)
Trude "G" Ground (original) (American)
Trude "H" Ground (original) (American)
Trude "I" Ground (original) (American)
Trude "J" Ground (original) (American)
Trude "K" Ground (original) (American)
Trude "L" Ground (original) (American)
Trude "N" Ground (original) (American)
Trude "O" Ground (original) (American)
Trude "P" Ground (original) (American)
Trude "Q" Ground (original) (American)
Trude "R" Ground (original) (American)
Trude "S" Ground (original) (American)
Trude "T" Ground (original) (American)
Tulle (Bruges?) (2 twists)
Tulle Double (a)
Tulle Double (b)
Tulle Double (c)
Tulle du Puy
Twice-twisted Hole Ground
Twisted Hole ground
Valenciennes (mixte)
Valenciennes (round-meshed) - double twisted joint, triple braid
Valenciennes (round-meshed) - single twisted joint, centuple braid (Bruges has triple braid)
Valenciennes (round-meshed) of Harlebreke, Bruges, Courtrai, Bailleul (braided 4 times) (often twice, Dentelle episcopale)
Valenciennes (square-meshed) of Alost and Ypres - (braided 5 or 5 times)
Valenciennes (square-meshed) of Bruges, Ypres and Alost - (braided 4 or 4 times)
Valenciennes (square-meshed) of Courtai and Menin - (braided 3 or 3 times)
Valenciennes (square-meshed) of Ghent or Gand and Menin - (braided 2 or 2 times)
Valenciennes (square-meshed) of Honfleur - (braided 1 or 1 times)
Valenciennes (three-thread) Dieppe
Valenciennes Picots
Virgin ground (a)
Virgin ground (b)
Virgin Point - Slavonian Style
Virgin Point - twice twisted - mit zweimal gedrehtem Schlusschlag
Vrai Reseau
Vrai Reseau (fait sans epingles)
Zeccatello
Ziergrund mit Schragstreifen-Musterung
Ziergrund mit Streifen-Musterung in Karo-Einteilung
Ziergrund mit Streifen-Musterung in Zacken-Einteilung
? (a)
? (b)
? (c)
? ? (d and e)